Human rights are basic entitlements that belong to every one of us, regardless of our background, where we live, what we look like, what we think or what we believe.
Based on the values of freedom, equality, respect and dignity, human rights acknowledge the fundamental worth of each person. The law places responsibilities on government and other public authorities to consider people's rights when developing laws, policies and delivering services.
Victoria's Charter of Human Rights and Responsibilities Act 2006 outlines the basic human rights of all people in Victoria. It was introduced into Victoria through an act of Parliament, the Charter of Human Rights and Responsibilities Act 2006.
The Charter requires that governments, local councils and other public authorities are to comply with Charter rights and to consider relevant Charter human rights when they make decisions.
The Charter came into full effect on 1 January 2008 and aims to build a fairer, more inclusive community by giving specific legal protection to 20 fundamental rights.
In certain circumstances, some rights may be limited. However, this must be necessary and reasonable and there must be clear reasons for the decision.
Download an overview of the Human Rights Charter.